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Articles of Interest: Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems

A major goal will be to follow people from the time of peak lung health -- typically from the mid-20s to early-30s -- to better understand currently relevant risk factors for respiratory disease.
Big Study to Explore Long-Term Impact of Vaping, Pollution
MedPage Today

2019

Sun, Lena; Lindsey Bever. "Mystery lung illness linked to vaping. Health officials investigating nearly 100 possible cases.." The Washington Post, August 16, 2019.

State and federal health officials are investigating almost 100 cases of mysterious lung illnesses linked to vaping and e-cigarette use in 14 states, many of them involving teens and young adults. A large number of those stricken ill have been hospitalized, with some in intensive care and on ventilators.

Frieden, Joyce. "Vaping Companies Marketing to Teens, House Panel Told." MedPage Today, July 24, 2019.

WASHINGTON -- Children and teenagers should not be vaping, House members and witnesses agreed at a hearing Wednesday, but they disagreed on what government should focus on regarding e-cigarettes such as those made by JUUL: their potential as smoking-cessation aids for adults, or their role in creating a new generation of nicotine addicts.

Kempe, Yaabelle. "E-cigarette users seeking help in lonely struggle to quit vaping." Boston Globe, July 7, 2019.

Kyle, a rising senior at BU, has tried to quit vaping. His last attempt was unsuccessful and he found himself switching to Smok Novo (above) instead of Juul.

Connor hated feeling like a slave to the slender metal device in his pocket. That’s why the rising junior at Boston College recently wrote his first-ever Reddit post on the page “QuittingJUUL,” a virtual space populated by more than 800 others who are also battling e-cigarette addiction.

Boyles, Salynn. "Big Study to Explore Long-Term Impact of Vaping, Pollution." MedPage Today, June 21, 2019.

The long-term impact of vaping on the lungs and the impact of early-life air pollution exposures will be among the key focuses of a first-of-its kind federally funded, longitudinal study of lung health among millennials.

Researchers from Northwestern Medicine in Chicago, in partnership with the American Lung Association, plan to follow 4,000 healthy adults from the ages of 25 to 35 in an effort to gain further insights into the causes of chronic respiratory diseases common in later life.

When the 17-year-old boy arrived at Primary Children’s Hospital in Salt Lake City, his entire jaw was cracked and a chunk of the bone had been completely shattered. Several of his teeth were missing and there was a hole in his chin.

Glimcher, Laurie H.. "Ending the Long Reach of Tobacco." The Boston Globe, June 13, 2019.

Many of us know someone whose life was cut short by tobacco, and their stories are heartbreaking. What makes them even more so is that, in many cases, it didn’t have to happen. As the leading cause of preventable death, smoking causes 1 in 5 of all deaths in the United States, totaling more than 480,000 annually. Tobacco is also linked to about one-third of all cancers in the United States, including cancers of the pancreas, bladder, kidney, mouth, and throat, as well as the lung. Even with all of the recent advancements in cancer research and care, these remain some of the most lethal and difficult cancers to treat.

Nackerdien, Zeena. "E-Cig Flavors May Damage Cardiovascular Cells." MedPage Today, June 6, 2019.

One of the risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) diseases is smoking-induced endothelial dysfunction. Joseph C. Wu, MD, PhD, of the Stanford School of Medicine in California, and colleagues used iPSC-ECs to assess the health impact of e-cigarettes. By definition, these cells can become many different cell types, and therefore provided investigators with a means to study cells that would be hard to isolate from any given patient.

It’s not that often that you hear a top Trump official unabashedly blaming a US company for a health crisis. But that’s exactly what FDA chief Scott Gottlieb did Tuesday in an interview during his final week in office.

Boyles, Salynn. "Survey of Adults' Perceptions of E-Cig Safety Yields Surprise." Med Page Today, March 29, 2019.

Adults in the U.S. increasingly think electronic cigarettes are as harmful as combustible cigarettes, if not more so, according to findings from two multiyear national surveys.

Maloney, Jennifer. "FDA Sets Limits on Retail Sales of Flavored E-Cigarettes." Wall Street Journal, March 13, 2019.

Convenience stores and gas stations will effectively be banned from selling most flavored e-cigarettes under restrictions issued Wednesday by the Food and Drug Administration.

Cigarette smokers provided with electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes or vaping) and smoking cessation counseling had higher quit rates than smokers given nicotine replacement therapies, such as patches, gums, and lozenges, together with face-to-face smoking cessation counseling, results from a randomized clinical trial conducted in the United Kingdom (UK) show.

Boyles, Salynn. "CDC: Youth Tobacco Use Increased in 2018, Erasing Long Decline." Med Page Today, February 11, 2019.

The dramatic rise in electronic cigarette use among middle- and high school students in 2018 is responsible for the largest single year increase in youth tobacco usage ever recorded, reversing a decades-long downward trend in use, the CDC confirms.

Last year, around 4.9 million middle and high school students were current users of tobacco products, up by more than a million users from the previous year.

Parents need to be aware of the dangers of e-cigarette use, including the fact that young people who use e-cigarettes are four times more likely to start smoking cigarettes. E-cigarette use among youth also puts them at risk for early nicotine addiction, which can harm brain development and make adolescent brains more susceptible to other addictive drugs.

Interviewer: Laurie Scudder, DNP, NP. "Vaping and e-Cigarettes in Kids: An Unprecedented Epidemic." Medscape, January 31, 2019.

An Interview With US Surgeon General Jerome Adams and FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb

Charles, Shamard, MD. "Report finds 'disturbing failure' to stop underage smoking, vaping in U.S.." NBC News, January 30, 2019.

The legal age to buy tobacco should be raised to 21 and flavored e-cigarettes should be removed from the market, the American Lung Association says.

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