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Articles of Interest: Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems

Experts agreed it won’t be easy to help addicted youth kick the vape habit.
FDA chief threatens to take e-cigarettes off the market
NBC News

2019

Glimcher, Laurie H.. "Ending the Long Reach of Tobacco." The Boston Globe, June 13, 2019.

Many of us know someone whose life was cut short by tobacco, and their stories are heartbreaking. What makes them even more so is that, in many cases, it didn’t have to happen. As the leading cause of preventable death, smoking causes 1 in 5 of all deaths in the United States, totaling more than 480,000 annually. Tobacco is also linked to about one-third of all cancers in the United States, including cancers of the pancreas, bladder, kidney, mouth, and throat, as well as the lung. Even with all of the recent advancements in cancer research and care, these remain some of the most lethal and difficult cancers to treat.

Nackerdien, Zeena. "E-Cig Flavors May Damage Cardiovascular Cells." MedPage Today, June 6, 2019.

One of the risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) diseases is smoking-induced endothelial dysfunction. Joseph C. Wu, MD, PhD, of the Stanford School of Medicine in California, and colleagues used iPSC-ECs to assess the health impact of e-cigarettes. By definition, these cells can become many different cell types, and therefore provided investigators with a means to study cells that would be hard to isolate from any given patient.

It’s not that often that you hear a top Trump official unabashedly blaming a US company for a health crisis. But that’s exactly what FDA chief Scott Gottlieb did Tuesday in an interview during his final week in office.

Boyles, Salynn. "Survey of Adults' Perceptions of E-Cig Safety Yields Surprise." Med Page Today, March 29, 2019.

Adults in the U.S. increasingly think electronic cigarettes are as harmful as combustible cigarettes, if not more so, according to findings from two multiyear national surveys.

Maloney, Jennifer. "FDA Sets Limits on Retail Sales of Flavored E-Cigarettes." Wall Street Journal, March 13, 2019.

Convenience stores and gas stations will effectively be banned from selling most flavored e-cigarettes under restrictions issued Wednesday by the Food and Drug Administration.

Cigarette smokers provided with electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes or vaping) and smoking cessation counseling had higher quit rates than smokers given nicotine replacement therapies, such as patches, gums, and lozenges, together with face-to-face smoking cessation counseling, results from a randomized clinical trial conducted in the United Kingdom (UK) show.

Boyles, Salynn. "CDC: Youth Tobacco Use Increased in 2018, Erasing Long Decline." Med Page Today, February 11, 2019.

The dramatic rise in electronic cigarette use among middle- and high school students in 2018 is responsible for the largest single year increase in youth tobacco usage ever recorded, reversing a decades-long downward trend in use, the CDC confirms.

Last year, around 4.9 million middle and high school students were current users of tobacco products, up by more than a million users from the previous year.

Interviewer: Laurie Scudder, DNP, NP. "Vaping and e-Cigarettes in Kids: An Unprecedented Epidemic." Medscape, January 31, 2019.

An Interview With US Surgeon General Jerome Adams and FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb

Charles, Shamard, MD. "Report finds 'disturbing failure' to stop underage smoking, vaping in U.S.." NBC News, January 30, 2019.

The legal age to buy tobacco should be raised to 21 and flavored e-cigarettes should be removed from the market, the American Lung Association says.

Fox, Maggie. "FDA chief threatens to take e-cigarettes off the market." NBC News, January 19, 2018.

Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb made his most direct threat yet against e-cigarette companies Friday, saying they face an “existential threat” if they don’t stop marketing to youth.

2018

Flaherty, Ann; Quinn Owen. "Epidemic' of dangerous youth e-cigarette, vaping use, surgeon general declares." abc News, December 18, 2018.

The U.S. surgeon general on Tuesday issued a strong warning against e-cigarette use by young people, called it "unsafe" in any form and termed vaping an "epidemic."

The Gazette Editorial Board. "We must address teen vaping craze." Colorado Springs Gazette, December 19, 2018.

Teen consumption of nicotine vapor throughout the country rose 10 percent in the past 30 days over a similar period a year ago. Tuesday’s announcement by the National Institute for Drug Abuse marks the largest increase of any substance use in the agency’s 43 years of tracking.

The U.S. Surgeon General issued an advisory Tuesday urging new local restrictions including taxes and indoor vaping bans to combat youth e-cigarette use, a pivotal development given the office's global stature on tobacco enforcement. 

"Surgeon General’s e-cigarette advisory brings necessary attention to ‘epidemic’ in youth." University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, December 18, 2018.

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center supports the United States Surgeon General’s actions to inform youth, parents, teachers and health professionals about the “epidemic” rates of e-cigarette use among youth and the associated health risks for young people. In order to protect the health of future generations, MD Anderson is committed to programs and actions that prevent teens and young adults from using these products.

Young, Kelly. "Teen Nicotine Vaping Doubles in Single Year." New England Journal of Medicine, December 17, 2018.

Twice as many adolescents reported vaping nicotine in 2018 as in 2017, according to correspondence in the New England Journal of Medicine. The authors say it's the largest absolute increase ever recorded in the 44-year history of the study, which surveys 8th through 12th graders about substance use.

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