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Articles of Interest: Physical Activity
We now have the evidence to tell us, with great confidence, that those living with and beyond cancer will benefit from being more physically active.
Prescribing exercise as cancer treatment: a conversation with Dr. Kathryn Schmitz
National Cancer Institute
Lou, Nicole. "In Fight Against COVID-19, Physical Activity Falls Off a Cliff." MedPage Today, June 30, 2020.
Fitness tracker data from around the world illustrated how each country's response to COVID-19 affected physical activity among residents.
In the first 10 days after the World Health Organization's March 11 declaration that COVID-19 was officially a global pandemic, smartphone users worldwide showed a 5.5% decrease in mean daily steps (287 fewer steps).
"American Cancer Society Updates Diet & Physical Activity Guideline for Cancer Prevention." American Cancer Society, June 9, 2020.
The American Cancer Society has updated its guideline for diet and physical activity for cancer prevention, with adjustments to reflect the most current evidence. The updated recommendations increase recommended levels of physical activity and have an increased emphasis on reducing the consumption of processed and red meat, sugar-sweetened beverages, processed foods, and alcohol. They also include evidenced-based strategies to reduce barriers to healthy eating and active living and to reduce alcohol consumption. The guideline is published in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, the ACS’s flagship medical journal.
NCI Staff. "Prescribing exercise as cancer treatment: a conversation with Dr. Kathryn Schmitz." National Cancer Institute, November 12, 2019.
On October 16, 2019, an expert panel convened by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) released updated guidance and recommendations on the role of physical activity and exercise in cancer prevention and survivorship. The panel was co-chaired by Kathryn Schmitz, Ph.D., M.P.H., of the Department of Public Health Sciences at the Penn State College of Medicine, and Charles Matthews, Ph.D., of NCI’s Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics.
The recommendations, as outlined in three related publications, are the products of the panel’s comprehensive review of the scientific evidence on physical activity and cancer. In this conversation, Dr. Schmitz, immediate past-president of ACSM, discusses the research findings connecting physical activity with improved cancer outcomes and what these new guidelines mean for health care providers and survivors.
Collins, Dr. Francis. "Panel finds exercise may lower cancer risk, improve outcomes." NIH Director's Blog, October 16, 2019.
Exercise can work wonders for your health, including strengthening muscles and bones, and boosting metabolism, mood, and memory skills. Now comes word that staying active may also help to lower your odds of developing cancer.
After reviewing the scientific evidence, a panel of experts recently concluded that physical activity is associated with reduced risks for seven common types of cancer: colon, breast, kidney, endometrial, bladder, stomach, and esophageal adenocarcinoma. What’s more, the experts found that exercise—both before and after a cancer diagnosis—was linked to improved survival among people with breast, colorectal, or prostate cancers.
Schipani, Denise. "How Exercise 'Prehab' and Rehab Can Change the Game for Lung Cancer Patients." Everyday Health, August 14, 2019.
Improving health and endurance before treatment, a process known as prehabbing, can help people with lung cancer do a lot better afterward.
Carroll, Aaron E.. "Are You Sitting Down? Standing Desks Are Overrated." New York Times, November 19, 2018.
We know that physical activity is good for us, and that being sedentary is not. Some have extrapolated this to mean that sitting, in general, is something to be avoided, even at work. Perhaps as a result, standing desks have become trendy and are promoted by some health officials as well as some countries.
Research, however, suggests that warnings about sitting at work are overblown, and that standing desks are overrated as a way to improve health.
Lyles, Ashley. "National Exercise Guidelines Now Say 'Just Move' ." MedPage Today, November 12, 2018.
Any physical activity will help, more is better, and it helps for a wider range of health outcomes than previously noted, according to new U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) guidelines.
Drash, Wayne. "Not exercising worse for your health than smoking, diabetes and heart disease, study reveals." CNN, October 20, 2018.
We've all heard exercise helps you live longer. But a new study goes one step further, finding that a sedentary lifestyle is worse for your health than smoking, diabetes and heart disease.
"Texas A&M Leads an International Research Team in Testing a Software-based Intervention to get Workers Moving." Association of Schools & Programs of Public Health, October 16, 2018.
Fast forward 12 years and a research team led by Benden and Parag Sharma DrPH, a recent doctoral graduate of the School of Public Health, tested a new computer-based intervention aimed at increasing the number of position changes in a group of adults. Funded by OERC.org and other industry partners, the study was published in the journal Human Factors and used software that reminded users to change the position of their sit-stand desks and monitored their computer use time and desk position.
"Sedentary Lifestyle Drastically Increases Risk of Dying from Cancer." Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, April 18, 2018.
Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers have once again identified a link between physical inactivity and an increased risk of mortality among cancer patients, emphasizing the health risks of a sedentary lifestyle and the importance of regular exercise as therapy for cancer patients both during and after treatment. The team is presenting the findings of their research today at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2018 in Chicago, Ill.
"Can Exercise Reduce the Risk of Cancer Recurrence?." Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, February 7, 2018.
Exercising, even at a moderate level, is one thing cancer survivors can do to lower the odds of cancer recurrence. The most consistent and largest number of studies looking at the links between exercise and cancer recurrence and overall survival have been reported for patients with breast and colorectal cancer, though increasingly other cancer types are also being studied.
Hancock, Katherine. "Texas A&M Becomes a Living Laboratory for Workplace Health." Vital Record - News from Texas A&M Health Science Center, September 6, 2017.
The Ergonomics Center at the Texas A&M School of Public Health is studying if there’s a way to disrupt one of the 21st century’s health epidemics—sedentary work environments—and using volunteers at their own university as test subjects. Researchers have recruited employees of the Division of Student Affairs at Texas A&M University to see if standing desks and software prompts can improve not just their health, but their productivity, too.
Kelly, Amanda. "Walk This Way! How 5-Minute Strolls at Work Can Boost Your Mood and Cut Cravings." Johnson & Johnson, January 4, 2017.
The research has become impossible to ignore: All this sitting we’re doing is doing us in. And while we know staying glued to our office chairs is bad for our health (and our mindset), what’s the alternative?
A recent study supported by Johnson & Johnson found that when people integrated short bursts of walking into a 6-hour day of simulated office work, they felt more energized than when they simply took bathroom breaks.
Regynolds, Gretchen. "Work. Walk 5 Minutes. Work.." The New York Times, December 28, 2016.
Stuck at your work desk? Standing up and walking around for five minutes every hour during the workday could lift your mood, combat lethargy without reducing focus and attention, and even dull hunger pangs, according to an instructive new study.
NCI Press Release. "Increased Physical Activity Associated with Lower Risk of 13 Types of Cancer." NIH: National Cancer Institute, May 16, 2016.
A new study of the relationship between physical activity and cancer has shown that greater levels of leisure-time physical activity were associated with a lower risk of developing 13 different types of cancer.