You are here

Articles of Interest: Tobacco Cessation

In 1985, lung cancer mortality rates were similar between California and the rest of the country, but by 2013 rates in California were 28% lower (62.6 vs 87.5 per 100,000 population, respectively).
Tobacco Control Initiatives Cut the Number of Lung Cancer Deaths in California by 28%
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians: Volume 69, Issue 2

2020

Boyles, Salynn. "Even "Light" Smoking Ups Lung Cancer Risk." MedPage Today, September 9, 2020.

Social smokers were more than eight times as likely to die of lung cancer than lifetime non-smokers, and their lung cancer risk was not substantially lower than that of heavier smokers in an analysis involving close to 19,000 people.

Boyles, Salynn. "Smokers Face Greater Risk from COVID-19." MedPage Today, April 8, 2020.

It is a familiar public health message that has taken on new urgency in the time of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic: If you smoke, you need to quit.

The sooner, the better.

Tobacco users face an elevated risk for a long list of chronic diseases and malignancies, and there is growing evidence that smoking, and possibly vaping, also increase the risk for life-threatening complications and death from COVID-19.

Gretler, Corinne. "Smoking Helps Open Gateway to Coronavirus Infection, Study Shows." Bloomberg, April 8, 2020.

Smoking may raise the risk of Covid-19 by elevating enzymes that allow the coronavirus to gain access into lung cells, according to a new study.

Smokers and people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may have elevated levels of an enzyme called ACE-2, which helps the virus enter cells in their lungs, where it replicates, a study published in the European Respiratory Journal Thursday showed.

The news about the COVID-19 global pandemic has everyone concerned. Those who smoke or vape e-cigarettes, or care about someone who does, may be especially worried because the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 attacks the lungs and could be a particularly serious threat to tobacco users.

2019

Huizhi, Chen. "WeChat groups to help smokers quit." Shine News, December 18, 2019.

A free program for people wanting to quit smoking was launched on Wednesday by Shanghai Pilot Health Promotion Center, a Shanghai-based non-governmental organization focused on cancer prevention.

Boyles, Salynn. "Smoking Cessation Tx Highly Effective in Cancer Patients." MedPage Today, September 29, 2019.

Smokers with cancer who participated in a comprehensive tobacco cessation program achieved high sustained quit rates, and they were just as likely as patients without cancer to successfully stop smoking cigarettes, a new study finds.

Brennan, Troyen; Eileen Howard Boone. "Strengthening our commitment to help end tobacco use." US News, September 3, 2019.

FIVE YEARS AGO, WE decided to stop selling cigarettes and tobacco products in all CVS Pharmacy locations. It was the first step toward building an innovative health care company driven by a purpose — helping people on their path to better health. Since then, CVS Health and the CVS Health Foundation announced a multi-year $50 million Be The First initiative to help create the first tobacco-free generation.

Jacobs, Megan. "6 Ways Tobacco Use Hurts Today's Retail Employees." The EX Program, September 3, 2019.

In the tight-margin industry of retail, innovating to contain employee healthcare costs is a must. But it isn’t the only thing that matters. Just ask retail giant Walmart—well-recognized both for its cost-effective use of healthcare resources and for prioritizing the employee healthcare experience.

Tobacco cessation is one example of a critical employee benefit that can help minimize healthcare spend—when it’s delivered in ways that employees want to use. So why isn’t it top of mind for all HR benefit leaders in retail companies?

Boyles, Salynn. "Smokers With Cancer May Benefit From Longer Cessation Tx." Med Page Today, January 28, 2019.

Trial showed 24 weeks of Chantix led to better quit rates than 12 weeks of therapy

Fillon, Mike. "Tobacco Control Initiatives Cut the Number of Lung Cancer Deaths in California by 28%." CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians: Volume 69, Issue 2, January 15, 2019.

Convincing young people not to start smoking is one of the most effective ways to curb tobacco‐related illness and mortality.  Physicians and other health care practitioners play a vital role in helping patients who smoke pursue evidence‐based cessation options. Clinicians can—and should be encouraged to—engage in the policy advocacy process.

Quitting smoking after a cancer diagnosis is now recognized as a highly effective strategy for improving outcomes and survival in a large percentage of patients, but smoking cessation treatment remains uncommon in cancer care.

That may soon change, thanks to an initiative of the National Cancer Institute's "Cancer Moonshot" program, designed to jump-start smoking cessation treatment at NCI-designated cancer centers.

2018

"How Firms Can Convince Employees to Quit Smoking." The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, August 28, 2018.

Wellness programs are increasing in popularity as companies grow more determined to curb the soaring costs of providing health insurance for employees. To encourage healthy behaviors, firms are offering everything from free yoga classes to weight-loss support groups. While there have been some positive results from these programs, smoking cessation remains a particular challenge. But a recent study by two University of Pennsylvania experts found that cash can be a powerful incentive to help smokers quit. 

To mark World Lung Cancer Day on August 1st, Cancer Network spoke with Dr. Alan Blum, Professor and Gerald Leon Wallace, MD, Endowed Chair of Family Medicine at the University of Alabama School of Medicine, where he also directs the University’s Center for the Study of Tobacco and Society, which he founded in 1999. Dr. Blum is an expert on the history of tobacco use, tobacco industry marketing, and the anti-smoking movement. He is a renowned pioneer in creative physician-led public advocacy initiatives to counter the promotion of unhealthy products and lethal lifestyles. 

—Interviewed by Anna Azvolinsky

Australia made it mandatory in 2011 for cigarettes to be sold in drab-looking packets that carry health warnings.

Seven years on, the WTO has rejected complaints from four nations that the laws violate international trade.

Unless there is a successful appeal, the decision is expected to hasten similar regulations around the world.

Remarks by Scott Gottlieb, M.D., at the Tobacco Regulatory Science Program Meeting. "FDA’s Nicotine and Tobacco Regulation and the Key Role of Regulatory Science." Food and Drug Administration, June 18, 2018.

I speak to you during a moment of extraordinary promise for tobacco regulation. The FDA is engaged in a profound dialogue about the best ways to improve public health through the agency’s tobacco regulatory approaches under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act.

Pages