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Articles of Interest
It is vital that our students know the risks tobacco and secondhand smoke pose, both for themselves as well as their families and communities.
18 schools pledge to go tobacco-free through college program initiative
"UK Clinical Trial Compares E-cigarettes, Nicotine-Replacement Products for Smoking Cessation." NCI Cancer Currents Blog, March 8, 2019.
Cigarette smokers provided with electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes or vaping) and smoking cessation counseling had higher quit rates than smokers given nicotine replacement therapies, such as patches, gums, and lozenges, together with face-to-face smoking cessation counseling, results from a randomized clinical trial conducted in the United Kingdom (UK) show.
"Making Cancer Clinical Trials Available to More Patients." NCI Cancer Currents Blog, March 7, 2019.
With so many new and promising cancer treatments being developed, the need for clinical trials to efficiently and effectively test them has never been greater.
Maximizing the number of patients who are eligible for clinical trials, while still maintaining an appropriate level of safety, is a top priority for NCI leadership, given the challenges of enrolling enough patients in clinical trials. Eligibility criteria—the requirements that must be met before a person can enroll in a trial—have not kept pace with the modernization of clinical trials. Restrictive criteria have not only been a significant hurdle for many patients who have wanted to participate in trials, but they have also limited the generalizability of study findings.
Incollingo, Beth Fand. "Sweet Surrender: Will Cutting Out Sugar Help You Prevent Cancer?." CURE, February 20, 2019.
The latest findings about the dangers of eating sugar and carrying extra body fat may spell bad news when it comes to dietary freedom, but being aware of them gives people the power to lower their cancer risk.
Recent studies confirmed that two diet-related culprits can contribute to the development of cancer: eating sugar, which increases the body’s production of insulin, and having excess body fat, which leads to inflammation. Perhaps surprisingly, these processes happen not only in those who are obese or overweight but also in people who are considered a normal size based on their body mass index (BMI).
"Public Health Plagued By Preemption." American for Nonmokers' Rights Foundation, February 14, 2019.
At ANR, we are no strangers to preemption. This tricky tactic was cultivated and perfected by the tobacco industry. We know the industry never quits, so we have never stopped tracking and defending against preemptive strikes.
A little rusty on the vocabulary? According to the National Policy and Legal Analysis Network, preemption occurs when a “higher” level of government eliminates or limits the authority of a “lower” level of government to regulate a certain issue. Preemption can take different forms: either explicitly spelled out in a statute, or implied, which is murkier and based on legislative intent. Implied preemption can result in a legal challenge to interpret what the law says, which is why our model language always recommends expressly stating that state laws do not preempt local action. An example of this industry interference trick is in the fact Pittsburgh, PA, Nashville, TN, and Oklahoma City are barred from enacting local smokefree laws.
Boyles, Salynn. "CDC: Youth Tobacco Use Increased in 2018, Erasing Long Decline." Med Page Today, February 11, 2019.
The dramatic rise in electronic cigarette use among middle- and high school students in 2018 is responsible for the largest single year increase in youth tobacco usage ever recorded, reversing a decades-long downward trend in use, the CDC confirms.
Last year, around 4.9 million middle and high school students were current users of tobacco products, up by more than a million users from the previous year.
Powell, Alvin. "A gathering to battle cancer." INDIA New England NEWS, February 5, 2019.
Amid alarming projections that global cancer rates will skyrocket, researchers from around the country gathered at Harvard on Monday to share their latest findings and to launch a center whose aim is to boost early detection and prevention.
By 2040, deaths due to cancer are expected to rise 60 percent in the U.S., 79 percent in China, and 106 percent in sub-Saharan Africa, according to Timothy Rebbeck, Vincent L. Gregory Jr. Professor of Cancer Prevention at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and director of the School’s new Zhu Family Center for Global Cancer Prevention. The center was launched Monday on World Cancer Day.
Interviewer: Laurie Scudder, DNP, NP. "Vaping and e-Cigarettes in Kids: An Unprecedented Epidemic." Medscape, January 31, 2019.
An Interview With US Surgeon General Jerome Adams and FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb
"American Lung Association's 'State of Tobacco Control' Report Finds States, Federal Government Failed to Act to Prevent, Reduce Tobacco Use." American Lung Association, January 30, 2019.
Facing youth e-cigarette epidemic, American Lung Association calls for federal government, states to put in place proven tobacco control policies to protect kids, save lives.
Charles, Shamard, MD. "Report finds 'disturbing failure' to stop underage smoking, vaping in U.S.." NBC News, January 30, 2019.
The legal age to buy tobacco should be raised to 21 and flavored e-cigarettes should be removed from the market, the American Lung Association says.
Boyles, Salynn. "Smokers With Cancer May Benefit From Longer Cessation Tx." Med Page Today, January 28, 2019.
Trial showed 24 weeks of Chantix led to better quit rates than 12 weeks of therapy
Fox, Maggie. "FDA chief threatens to take e-cigarettes off the market." NBC News, January 19, 2018.
Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb made his most direct threat yet against e-cigarette companies Friday, saying they face an “existential threat” if they don’t stop marketing to youth.
Fillon, Mike. "Tobacco Control Initiatives Cut the Number of Lung Cancer Deaths in California by 28%." CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians: Volume 69, Issue 2, January 15, 2019.
Convincing young people not to start smoking is one of the most effective ways to curb tobacco‐related illness and mortality. Physicians and other health care practitioners play a vital role in helping patients who smoke pursue evidence‐based cessation options. Clinicians can—and should be encouraged to—engage in the policy advocacy process.
Simon, Stacy. "Facts & Figures 2019: US Cancer Death Rate has Dropped 27% in 25 Years." American Cancer Society, January 8, 2019.
The death rate from cancer in the US has declined steadily over the past 25 years, according to annual statistics reporting from the American Cancer Society. As of 2016, the cancer death rate for men and women combined had fallen 27% from its peak in 1991. This decline translates to about 1.5% per year and more than 2.6 million deaths avoided between 1991 and 2016.
Kehren, Heather Carlson. "Mayo Researchers Find "Unacceptable Low" Cervical Cancer Screening Rates." Mayo Clinic, January 7, 2019.
The percentage of women who are screened for cervical cancer may be far lower than national data suggests, according to a Mayo Clinic study recently published in the Journal of Women’s Health (https://www.liebertpub.com/loi/jwh). Less than two-thirds of women ages 30 to 65 were up-to-date with cervical cancer screenings in 2016. The percentage is even lower for women ages 21 to 29, with just over half current on screenings. Those figures are well below the 81 percent screening compliance rate self-reported in the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/index.htm).
Boyles, Salynn. "Smoking Cessation Key Component of Cancer Moonshot Program - NCI initiative targets all cancer patients who smoke: "a core part of cancer care"." MedPage Today, January 3, 2019.
Quitting smoking after a cancer diagnosis is now recognized as a highly effective strategy for improving outcomes and survival in a large percentage of patients, but smoking cessation treatment remains uncommon in cancer care.
That may soon change, thanks to an initiative of the National Cancer Institute's "Cancer Moonshot" program, designed to jump-start smoking cessation treatment at NCI-designated cancer centers.